The following is a rundown of the numerous strategies for treating various forms of skin malignancies that are currently in use.
C&E is a two-step technique in which a curette (a sharp-tipped device) is used to separate the more friable cancer tissue from normal tissue, with bleeding controlled by an electrical current or a chemical agent. Two to four times this cycle is repeated. C&E is usually effective in treating nodular and superficial BCC, as well as non-invasive SCC. It is a procedure with a low risk.
Liquid nitrogen is used at extremely low temperatures (below -50°C) to freeze the skin and produce necrosis in the treated area in cryosurgery. Two or three times, this cycle is repeated. Primary superficial and nodular BCC, also known as superficial SCC, can be treated with this low-risk, high-effective treatment. The procedure will leave an open wound that will take several months to heal.
Radiation – a cure rate of 89 to 95 percent has been recorded for this treatment. It’s good for elderly patients who can’t withstand surgery, medium-sized tumours, and lesions that are too difficult to remove surgically. For lesions on or around the face, radiation is especially beneficial.Learn more about this at Skin Cancer Clinic Near Me.
Chemotherapy is the use of chemotherapeutic drugs such as 5-FU or Imiquimod cream to treat cancer. For four weeks or more, the material is applied directly to the skin twice a day. It operates by inducing an inflammatory response in the body. Though it is simple to use, there are concerns about skin irritation and changes in pigmentation.
Excision is a surgical operation in which the entire lesion is removed with a sufficient margin of clinically normal tissue, usually 3-5mm. Sutures are used to close the fault that has resulted.
Mohs Micrographic surgery is removing consecutive horizontal layers of the skin cancer while leaving a small margin of surrounding tissue (1-2mm). Each layer is delivered to a pathologist for analysis. If more layer removal is required, the results of microscopic tests will be used to make that decision. This procedure is suggested for all malignancies in high-risk areas of the face since it has the highest cure rate of 97-99 percent.